Caving / Spelunking in Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya, Meghalaya India

Skill level:
Beginners and advanced
Best season:
November to March
Necessary gear:
Provided on spot
6 to 7 days
One of the most majestic and extraordinary places in India is Meghalaya state. Located on the north east side of the country, Meghalaya means "the adobe of clouds" and boasts a panorama of fertile valleys, thick tropical forests, amazing waterfalls, meandering rivers, 250 different species of orchids, an incredible variety of mammals and birds and endless, impressive caves. For the nature and adventure enthusiasts of the world, this is the ultimate destination.

Meghalaya is influenced by the south west monsoons that start from May and last until October. Receiving one of the heaviest rainfalls in the world, and with an abundance of limestone mountains with elevation that exceeds 3280 ft/1000 m, the area has the ideal conditions for the formation of caves and is home to more than 500 caves with a network that spreads more than 621.3 mi/1000 km.

Jaintia Hills is one of the three hilly regions of Meghalaya and is located in the centre of the state. Covered by dense forest and hosting the Kopili River, the largest stream in the region that swifts around the hills and forms amazing waterfalls, Jaintia Hills has a large number of caves open for public and many more yet to be discovered.

Some of the main caves in the region include Krem Um-Lawan cave, with many waterfalls and fossils, which is currently the longest and deepest cave of all, with a length of 4.2 mi/6.8 km, Krem Kotsati cave, where its main entrance takes you through a deep pool and you either swim or pass over with an inflatable boat, Krem Um-Shangktat cave, where some sections have collapsed and you have to crawl through mud and limestone blocks in order to get through and Kremlashinng cave with a sticky and slippery surface and a total length of  1.6 mi/2.6 km.

The caves are not located at the same spot and it is important not to go alone. Many schools use as a base, Shillong town or Jowai, from where they organize guided tours toward the caves, as well as transportation. The caving activities include free hand rock climbing, swimming, crawling through narrow passages, rappelling and endless exploration. Guided tours provide all the necessary gear and make sure your caving adventure will be something you will never forget.

So prepare yourself for a unique adventure and you will witness with your own eyes, nature’s true wonders in a place that is considered to be heaven on earth for the cave lovers and adventure seekers!